Concepts describe criteria or prescribed for collaborating with or arranging numerous aspects to make the designated garden layout. Good garden layout follows a mix of 7 concepts: unity, balance, proportion, focalization or emphasis, sequence or transition, rhythm, and rep.
Unity refers to using components to develop harmony and also uniformity with the main theme or concept of the garden style. Unity gives the garden layout a feeling of oneness as well as affiliation. Unity in landscape design can be attained by using plants, trees, or material that have repeating lines or shapes, a common hue, or similar texture. However, too much unity in landscape design can be boring. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce some range or contrast into the landscape design.
Balance offers the landscape design a sense of equilibrium and symmetry in visual attraction. There are three ways by which balance may be offered in landscape design. Symmetrical or formal balance is achieved when the mass, weight, or number of items both sides of the landscape design are specifically the same. Asymmetrical or casual equilibrium in landscape design recommends a feeling of balance on both sides, although the sides do not look the same. Unbalanced balance in visual tourist attraction may be attained by making using of opposing make-ups on either side of the central axis. Landscape design with radial balance has a center point. A sunflower, a wheel, and the cross-section of an orange all have radial balance.
Proportion explains the size relationship between parts of the landscape layout or between a part of the design and the design all at once. A huge fountain would constrain a small backyard garden, but would complement a sprawling public courtyard. Additionally, percentage in landscape design must take into consideration how people interact with various components of the landscape through normal human activities.
Focalization or Emphasis directs visual attention to a sight or prominent part of the garden style. This can be a hanging earth-forms sculpture, a stone-finished Corinthian garden fountain, a mass of building herbaceous perennials, or an elegant spruce. Emphasis in landscape design could be achieved by making using of a different shade, a various or uncommon line, or a simple background area. Paths, pathways, and also strategically put plants lead the eye to the focal point of the garden without distracting from the overall landscape style.
Sequence or Shift produces aesthetic movement in landscape style. Sequence in garden design is attained by the progressive development of structure, form, size, or color. Examples of landscape style elements in transition are plants that go from crude to tool to great structures or softscapes that go from huge trees to medium trees to shrubs to bed linens plants. Transition in garden design may also be utilized to develop depth or distance or to emphasize a center of attention.
Rhythm creates a feeling of movement which leads the eye from one part of the landscape design to another part. Repeating a color system, shape, texture, line or kind evokes rhythm in garden style. Appropriate expression of rhythm does away with complication as well as monotony from landscape design.
And finally, repetition in landscape design is the repeated use of objects or elements with identical shape, form, texture, or color. Although it gives the landscape design a unified planting scheme, repetition runs the risk of being overdone. Nonetheless, when correctly implemented, repetition can lead to rhythm, focalization or emphasis in landscape design.